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English 1 poem vocab

Speaker/voice/persona
Who “tells” the poem
Line/sense of line
A “unit” of poetry
Stanza
A group of lines (paragraph-like)
Diction
Word choice
Rhythm
Pace of the poem
Rhythm is achieved by:
How can a poet alter the rhythm of a poem?
1. Punctuation 2. Sense of line 3. Stanza 4. Word choice 5. Sound devices
Figurative Language
Words and phrases that represent more than they mean
Metaphor
Comparisons
Simile
Comparisons using the words “like” or “as”
Symbol
Things/words that have a universal or accepted representation (black cat= bad luck)
Personification
Giving human qualities to non-human things
Hyperbole
Exaggeration
Imagery
Paints a picture; creates sensory details
Onomatopoeia
Words that are the sound they make
Alliteration
Repetition of the original sound (Sally sells sea shells by the seashore)
Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound
Consonance
Repetition of a consonant
End rhyme
The last word of the line rhymes
Rhyme scheme
The pattern of the end rhyme
End stop
Pause at the end of a line; when there is punctuation
Enjambment
When there is no punctuation at the end of the line
Caesura
When the pause is in the middle of the sentence; punctuation is in the middle
Free verse
Poetry without rules
How many lines does a sonnet have?
14 lines
What are the two types of sonnets that we studied?
Shakespearean- English Italian- Petrarchan
Typically, a sonnet follows what type of rhythm?
Iambic pentameter which is 10 syllables per line
What is a Volta?
Marks the transition to the final section, “the turn”
The word sonnet means what?
A little song or sound
How are the two types of sonnets that we studied different from each other?
Shakespearean- ABAB CDCD EFEF GG There are 3 quatrains (four-line stanzas or sections) and then a couplet Italian- ABBA ABBA CDECDE or ABBA ABBA CDCDCD broken into an octave (first eight lines) and a sestet (final six lines)
How many lines does a villanelle contain?
19 lines
How many different rhyme sounds are in a villanelle?
2 different rhyme sounds
What is the rhyme scheme of a villanelle?
Lines 1-15 follow the rhyme scheme AB The last 4 lines follow the rhyme scheme ABAA
What is a refrain?
A repeated line or word
How is the idea of a refrain important to the structure and nature of the villanelle as a form?
There are 2 refrains and two repeating rhymes, with the first and third line of the first tercet (3 lines) repeated alternately until the last stanza, which includes both repeated lines.
How many lines are in a sestina?
39 lines
How many stanzas compromise a sestina?
7 stanzas (6 stanzas and a 3 line envoy)
What is an envoi or envoy?
Last 3 lines of sestina
How does the idea of a refrain work in a sestina?
Refrain in sestina- repeat 6 words
From where does the haiku originate?
Japan
How many lines and how many syllables per line does an English haiku have?
First line is 5 syllables. Second line is 7 syllables. Third line is 5 syllables.
What is the kigo?
A word or phrase that implies the season of the poem
Typically, the haiku is about what?
Nature
What are the TWO typical uses for limericks?
Dirty or child-like
What is the pattern of a limerick?
AABBA
What “elements” are usually found in the FIRST line of a limerick?
A person and a place
What function is served by the FINAL line of a limerick?
Punch line if it’s a funny poem. If it’s a serious poem it’s the moral.
Blank verse
-used in dramatic or narrative poetry
-doesn’t rhyme
-Shakespeare’s plays are written in blank verse
– rhythm is iambic pentameter (10 syllables a line)

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English 1 poem vocab
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Speaker/voice/persona
Who "tells" the poem
Line/sense of line
A "unit" of poetry
2018-01-03 09:16:19
English 1 poem vocab
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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